Ephesus was the home of the Temple of Artemis and thrived as an economic powerhouse in the first century BC. Unfortunately after invasions, mob violence, earthquakes and pollution of crucial commercial ports, the city declined and was abandoned. Today, tall columns stand, many broken or abandoned to the ages. Stone pedestals lay among crumbled walls and arches. Most fascinating is a gigantic crumbling amphitheater, many of the stone benches and rows still visible from the distance. Visitors can also pay tribute at a massive graveyard of fallen gladiators. Ephesus may no longer be an economic powerhouse, but it’s definitely fascinating as a cautionary tale.